China Beijing Tours and Travel Guide - CCTS China Travel

Beijing Travel Guide

Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square

Beijing Brief

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Beijing - PekingBeijing of China

Beijing of China

Beijing Map

Map of Beijing

  • Country: People's Republic of China
  • Municipality: Municipality of Beijing · 北京市
  • Settled: c. 473 BC
  • Coordinates: 39°54′50″N 116°23′30″E
  • Divisions:
  • County-level: 16 districts, 2 counties
  • Township-level: 289 towns and villages
  • Government:
  • Type: Municipality
  • CPC Ctte Secretary: Liu Qi (刘淇)
  • Mayor: Guo Jinlong (郭金龙)
  • Area (ranked 29th): Municipality 16,801.25 km2 (6,487 sq mi)
  • Elevation: 43.5 m (143 ft)
  • Population (2007):
  • Municipality: 17,430,000
  • Metro: 11,940,000
  • Density rank: (4th)
  • Demonym: Beijinger (26th)
  • Major ethnic groups:
  • Han: 96%; Manchu 2%; Hui 2%; Mongolian 0.3%
  • Time zone: China Standard Time (UTC+8)
  • Postal code: 100000 - 102629
  • Area code(s): 10
  • GDP 2008 estimate:
  • Total: US$151.12 billion (nominal) US$283.92 billion (PPP) (10th)
  • Per capita: US$9,082 (nominal) US$17,063 (PPP) (2nd)
  • HDI: (2006) 0.897 (2nd)
  • License plate prefixes: 京A, C, E, F, H, J, K, L, M, N, P; 京B (taxis); 京G, Y (outside urban area); 京O (police and authorities); 京V (in red color) (military headquarters, central government)
  • City trees: Chinese arborvitae (Platycladus orientalis) Pagoda tree (Sophora japonica)
  • City flowers: China rose (Rosa chinensis) Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium)
  • Website: www.beijing.gov.cn (Chinese)

Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: Běijīng) a city in northern China, is the capital of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It was formerly known in English as Peking or Peiking. Beijing is also one of the four municipalities of the PRC, which are equivalent to provinces in China's administrative structure. Beijing Municipality borders Hebei Province to the north, west, south, and for a small section in the east, and Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.

Beijing is China's second largest city in terms of population, after Shanghai. It is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways entering and leaving it in all directions. It is also the focal point of many international flights to China. Beijing is recognized as the political, educational, and cultural center of the People's Republic of China, while Shanghai and Hong Kong predominate in economic fields.

Beijing is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. It will also host the 2008 Summer Olympics.

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Beijing History

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Peking ManLocal history begins some 500,000 years ago at a time when the north China plain'which encompasses Beijing'was covered in semi-tropical forest and dotted with lakes. Anthropologists digging at Zhououdian'a village near modern Beijing ' discovered in 1929 the area was inhabited by a previously unknown human ancestor soon dubbed Peking Man. This hominid'the famous dig revealed'had mastered fire and used stone tools.

Modern human beings to settle in the area around 3000BC' surviving on rudimen-history.During the Song Dynasty'a tribe from the Mongolian steppes called the Qidan swept down into north China and founded the Liao Dynasty' eventually making their capital' called Yanjing'at what is now Beijing.The name Yangjing survives today as a brand of a popular local beer...

Beijing History

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Beijing Climate

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Beijing ShiShahai Skating Rink in WinterThe region, Beijing located is between mountain and plain. Area of mountainis 60% of Beijing total area, the rest is plain. The plain was surrounded by mountain except south side.

Due to this landform, Beijing has four seasons Beijing 's climate is defined as "continental monsoon." The four seasons are distinctly recognizable.Spring and autumn is the best time to be in Beijing, particularly in the months of April, May, September and October. Autumn is considered to be the best time to visit Beijing as the skies are clear and the weather is very comfortable. The four seasons are very clear in Beijing with a temperate spring rainy summer clear autumn and a cold snowy winter. The average temperature throughout the year is 11.8 0. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of -4.6 0 and the hottest month is July at an average temperature of 26.1 0. Unfortunately, spring and autumn are shorter than summer and winter. Although winter is technically longer, that should not keep you from traveling to Beijing as indoor heating is widely available. Nevertheless, as the indoor outdoor temperature difference is rather large, travelers should be prepared with warm clothing and a thick coat is recommended for the colder months of the year in winter, off-season discounts are to be had as well...

Beijing Climate

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Beijing Culture

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Forbidden CityBeijing, capital of People's Republic of China, is the hub of the national political and cultural life. It is an old city full of vigor. It is also where different cultures meet and melt into one.

It is a well-known tourist destination in the world, taking an important position in the history of human civilization.

Beijing is a unique and charming city with its own features. Wherever you go, either walking in hundred years old imperial palaces and gardens, or strolling on the ancient roads and lanes made of gray wall and black tiles, or ever standing among modern high-rises and skyscrapers, you will find yourself keeping asking how a deep cultural tradition and strong modern breath could harmoniously co-exist in such an old and youthful city...

Beijing Culture

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Beijing Transportation

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Beijing Subway EntranceThe city's subway and light rail cars are easier for foreigners to use since notices are translated into English and stations signs are written in pinyin.

At present, there are two subway lines: the first runs east to west along C hang'an jie, the second is a loop line that goes under the second ring road, the two lines connect at two stations. Beijing 's elevated light rail line goes from Xizhimen subway station to Dongzhimen subway station through the northern suburbs. Work on new lines, including a subway that will link the Olympic Park with the city center,is underway and should be completed before the opening ceremony in 2008.Subway and light rail tickets each cost RMB 3,and joint tickets that allow transfers between the light rail and subway cost RMB 5...

Beijing Transportation

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Beijing Development

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Beijing CBDGreat changes have taken place since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. The city walls were demolished to facilitate transportation and allow for general expansion. By 2001, the population exceeded 12.5 million, and the total municipal area was increased to over 17,800 square kilometers.The city is presently divided into 16 districts: Dongcheng, Xicheng, Chongwen, Xuanwu, Chaoyang, Haidian, Shijingshan, Fengtai,Shunyi, Changping,Mentougou, Tongzhou,Fangshan, Daxing, Huairou and Pinggu. In addition to these urban districts, the municipality is comprised of two counties: Miyun and Yanqing.

Plans for future development retain the symmetrical layout of the old city on its north-south axis, extending out into the suburban districts.With Tian'anmen at the center, offices along 38-kilometer-long Chang'an Boulevard will concentrate on state, political and economic affairs. The areasaround the Palace Museum (Imperial Palace or Forbidden City) and city gates as wellas the lakes -- Zhongnanhai,Beihai and Housanhai -- have been designated landmarkdistricts. And with a look to the future, an increasing number of historical, culturaland revolutionary sites are being renovated and opened to the public...

Beijing Development

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Beijing Opera

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Beijing Opera - the Quintessence of ChinaBeijing opera or Peking opera is a kind of Chinese opera which arose in the mid-19th century and was extremely popular in the Qing Dynasty court. It is widely regarded as one of the cultural treasures of China. Beijing and Tianjin are respected as the base cities of Peking opera in the north while Shanghai is the base in the south...

Sheng (生, Male role)
Dan  (旦, Female role)
Jing  (净, Painted face male role)
Chou  (丑, Clown role)

Beijing Opera

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Beijing Hutong

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Hutong with Beijing CharacteristicsAlleyways (hutong 胡同)and courtyard homes (si he yuan 四合院)have been the signature features of Beijing’s urban landscape since the Ming dynasty. The word hutong was from Mongolian.Hutongs came into being in the Yuan Dynasty. The frame work of hutongs was formed in recent seven hundred to eight hundred years .The courtyards enclosed on four sidesby hutongs are called siheyuan, traditional living quarters for local residents. These homes traditionally comprised buildings built around an enclosed courtyard, but many have been subdivided in modern times. The narrowness of the alleyways and of many courtyard homes discourages heavy traffic and encourages residents to live their lives on the street , fostering a strong sense of community The pace of life in these neighborhoods is less hurried than on Beijing’s broad modern avenues, the hutongs are like villages within the megalopolis As you wander through them, you may feel as though You have stepped back in time...

Beijing Hutong

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Beijing Roast Duck

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World-famous Beijing Roast DuckBeijing Roast Duck, a famous historied food of Beijing, is thought to be one of the most delicious dishes all over the world; most visitors coming to Beijing will never forget to have a taste.

After a kind of particular material being spread all over a duck, it will be hooked up in the oven over the flame coming directly from burning fruit-tree wood. About forty minutes later, it will be done...

When roasted and dried, the duck will look brilliantly date-red, shining with oil and with crisp skin and tender meat. Just because of its appearance, few people could resist the temptation of tasting it.

Beijing Roast Duck

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Beijing Cloisonne

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The Ware of Beijing CloisonneBeijing is the cradle of cloisonne technique. The earliest and existing cloisonne is the product in Yuan dynasty, which we know it has nearly thousands-year history already. The original cloisonne were most of the archaized bronze ware, especially produced during the Xuande period of Ming dynasty is fine. During the course of Jingtai period of Ming that is between 1450 and 1456 craftsmen found a blue glaze in navy-blue color which is elegant and decent of the artworks. That is the cloisonne we are using now.From then on, it seemed no any great breakthrough instead of the rapid development of using the coppery material, which used a pure coppery with better extension. Thus, the cloisonne technique arrived the crest...

Beijing Cloisonne

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Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

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The Flagman Yao Ming in the Openning ceremony of 2008 Olympics The XXIX Olympic Games will be held in Beijing During 8-24 August 2008.The open ceremony will be held at 8 o'clock first day.Some events, like beach volleyball, sailing, and swimming's new marathon 10km events, will be held in the coastal city of Qingdao.

Beijing was elected host city on July 13, 2001, during the 112th IOC Session in Moscow, beating out Toronto, Paris, Istanbul, and Osaka.

The Chinese government intends to invest in the renovation and construction of thirty-six gymnasiums and stadiums as well as fifty-nine training centers. Over 300,000 houses have been demolished and residents relocated thus far in Beijing due to construction in preparation for the 2008 Olympics. Police in Beijing placed many people under arrest for protesting the evictions.

Its largest architectural pieces will be the Beijing National Stadium, National Gymnasium, Olympic Aquatic Park, Convention Center, Olympic Village, and Wukesong Cultural and Sports Center. US $2.1 billion (RMB¥17.4 billion) in corporate bids and tenders are expected to fund almost 85 percent of the construction budget for the six main venues. Investments are expected from corporations seeking ownership rights after the 2008 Summer Olympics. Some venues will be owned and governed by the State General Administration of Sports, which will use them after the Olympics as facilities for all future national sports teams and events.

Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

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Beijing Silk Street

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Famous Shopping Street in BeijingThe Xiushui Market is not strange to both Beijing citizens and foreign sightseers.

The market is located at the Xiushui Dongjie, Chaoyang District in Beijing and close to the southeast of the Ritan ambassadorial area. There are 410 stalls in the market. It draws nearly 1,000 business people with its sale volume of more than 100 million yuan per year. The main commodities include garments, silk products and tourist souvenirs. Xuishui Market is a silk street famed both at home and abroad and is one of the products set up after China's reform and opening to the outside world (another is Yabaolu Garment Market, which was also demolished). It was situated at the east of the "first ambassadorial area'', close to the US Embassy in China in the north, the Qijiayuan diplomatic mansions in the west, bordering the Dongdaqiao residential area in the east. Xiushui Market is also known as "embassy area'' since it is close to many embassies nearby...

Beijing Silk Street

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Beijing Acrobatics

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Traditional Art in Beijing - AcrobaticsThe Chinese acrobatics has a long history and rich national flavor. It is one of the art forms most popular among the Chinese people. In abroad sense, acrobatics is the collective name of various kinds of feats. In the primitive society, acrobatics was closely related with music and dance, and became dominant of cultures at that time.

In the Variety Show of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) and performances in the imperial court of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), acrobatics was very prosperous just like music and dance.  After the Song (960-1279) and Yuan (1271-1368) dynasties, acrobatics together with classical dances were looked down upon. However, some superb feats of the previous dynasties were still handed down to the later generations and got much improvement. Chinese acrobatic art spread to overseas and enjoyed a good reputation at the late years of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and the early years of the Republic of China (1912-1949)...

Beijing Acrobatics

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Tranfer Related Links

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CCTS China Travel Forum CCTS China Travel Forum - China City

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